Gun violence is on the rise in the Montreal metropolitan area, but also throughout Quebec (Larin 2022), and cold weapon violence is still common. However, several tragic events involving firearms have compelled the Quebec government to invest in the fight against this type of violence.
This review of literature and practice is part of these efforts to better understand the phenomenon of armed violence. It also seeks to share knowledge and experiences from measures put in place around the world to curb violence. However, armed violence is a complex phenomenon that involves more than one issue. Therefore, it is important to adopt the appropriate prevention strategies depending on the context in which armed violence is addressed in order to intervene in a comprehensive and targeted manner.
This report presents four issues that may result in weapon-related acts:
Suicide and self-inflicted violence;
Armed violence among delinquent or criminalized youth groups;
Intimate partner violence;
Incidents related to violent extremism.
This report provides insight and understanding of crime data collected under the Quebec Department of Public Safety's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR 2.2) rules from 2015 to 2020.
With the significant increase in armed violence in Montreal, which has been a major issue for several years, a question has been raised: How can we strengthen the social fabric in Montreal? Panelists invited to a special segment on the program Cap sur 2030, in which the ICPC was invited to participate, attempted to answer this question.
Michelle Côté, Director of Research at ICPC, discussed the topic with Ted Rutland, Associate Professor of Geography with a focus on municipal policy, urban planning, and urban safety in Canada, affiliated with Concordia University and a member of the Anti-Carceral Group; Louis Audet-Gosselin, Scientific and Strategic Director of the Centre for the Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence; and Malika Saher, lawyer and Senior Mediator at the Dr. Julien Foundation. Together, they suggested solutions to preserve and strengthen social ties in Montreal in the coming years.
Cap sur 2030 is a program on MATV that brings together a number of experts and professionals in the field to discuss inspiring and innovative ideas for building the future of Montreal for the benefit of the community and its citizens.
On October 11th and 12th, a seminar on improving police-population dialogue took place in Paris, as a result of a collaboration between ICPC and the Parisian association Espoir 18. The objective of this seminar was to present successful initiatives undertaken internationally on this type of dialogue, through round tables, an audience of academics, police officers, and civil society actors.
Since 2019, ICPC and Espoir 18 have been working closely together on a project on improving police-population dialogue, with a particular focus on the young public and minority groups in their relationship with the police institution. This partnership is therefore part of a research on ways to improve this type of dialogue, to document innovative experiences and practices at the international level and to promote knowledge transfer. This year, several activities were carried out as part of this collaboration: a review of international good practices was co-authored, ICPC hosted the Espoir 18 team in Montreal as part of its North American theatre tour, and this seminar which took place in October.
The seminar included :
The presentation of the practice review “Improving Police-Population Dialogue: An Introduction to International Issues and Practices” produced by ICPC and Espoir 18, with the support of the Open Society Foundations;
The presentation of successful national (in France) and international initiatives along with round table discussions;
The screening and debate of a documentary made by the young of Espoir 18 on racial profiling;
Stories of young people, families, and police officers on the relationship between the police and the population;
An evening debate on possible solutions to improve the police-population dialogue and a future action plan to be put in place.
The development of an action plan for the period 2023 to 2025 based on the exchanges and lessons learned from the seminar will be produced for the next phase of this collaboration.
Fernando A. Chinchilla, Senior Analyst, participated on behalf of the International Center for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) in the web presentation of the book by Daniel Cunjama, teacher-researcher at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Penales (INACIPE) and the Instituto de Estudios Criminológicos Transdisciplinarios (IECRIMT), “Manual de Prevencion del Delito“.
This book published by Progettomondo, INACIPE and our member, IECRIMT, addresses the technical capacities required by institutional actors involved in the design, implementation and evaluation of crime prevention programs as the first point to be considered in the development of an evidence-based prevention policy.
On September 22, 2022, ICPC was pleased to attend the presentation of the highlights of the research report ”Le harcèlement de rue à Montréal : un portrait statistique de la pluralité des expériences, des manifestations et des contextes” (Street harassment in Montreal: a statistical portrait of the multiplicity of experiences, manifestations and contexts). These results revealed the extent of the phenomenon of street harassment in Montreal through the analysis of residents’ experiences, using an intersectional approach. Then followed recommendations addressed to various institutional actors.
This partnership research was carried out by researchers from the University du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), the Université du Québec en Outaouais (UQO), the Université de Montréal (Udem) and the Centre d’éducation et d’action des femmes (CÉAF), as part of UQAM’s Service aux collectivités.
On September 9, 2022, we had the pleasure of welcoming to our offices in Downtown Montreal, Mr. Amine Smihi, Deputy Mayor of Bordeaux delegated to public tranquility, safety and prevention and Mr. Louis Audet Gosselin, Scientific and Strategic Director of the Centre for the Prevention of Radicalisation leading to Violence (CPRLV). The meeting was dedicated to present the organizations, to discuss the current issues and concerns of the City of Bordeaux in terms of urban safety, crime prevention and security governance, as well as to exchange on collaborations perspectives.
We would like to thank Mr. Smihi for coming to Montreal; it was a pleasure to welcome him to our offices. We also thank Mr. Gosselin of the CPRMV for his participation in this very fruitful meeting.
We are very pleased to have welcomed a new member to the team this year: Oscar Figueroa.
Oscar, Strategic Consultant in Latin America, holds a Master’s degree Analysis and Crime Prevention from the University Miguel Hernandez (Spain), has training in the police field in the French Gendarmerie from the Center of Excellence for police of the UN in Vicenza (Italy) and the University of California Long Beach. Before joining the team, he was a retired colonel of the Carabineros of Chile and cartographer. He has over 20 years of experience in the implementation of geographic information systems for crime prevention and criminal analysis. He also served as Head of the Department of Criminal Analysis of Carabineros and Prefect of the Western Prefecture in Santiago Chile.
The ICPC is proud to announce that a new member has joined its network, which is the IECRIMT, Instituto de Estudios Criminológicos Transdisciplinarios (Institute of Transdisciplinary Criminological Studies). For IECRIMT, it is extremely important to collaborate with institutes, centres and universities that address criminology and safety issues. In this sense, it is important to recognize the relevance of the exchange of information, reflections and experiences between our two entities, which will allow the improvement of practices and public policies in the field of crime prevention, thus enriching the work of each.
About the Instituto d’Estudios Criminológicos Transdisciplinarios (Institute of Transdisciplinary Criminological Studies) (IECRIMT)
IECRIMT specializes in the social prevention of violence and crime. This institute, founded in Mexico City in 2014, was created by prestigious academics with years of experience in the field, recognizing that the problems of security, violence and crime are clearly marked by the structural characteristics of today’s societies.
On July 25, 2022, the ICPC hosted Ms. Arij Riahi, Director of Special Projects at the Clinique juridique du Grand Montréal (Greater Montreal Legal Clinic – CJGM), at its offices in Downtown Montreal, to discuss the issues of insecurity affecting the borough of Montreal North. The meeting was part of a research project initiated this summer by the ICPC, which aims to map the services offered in the northeast part of the Island of Montreal – the boroughs of Montreal North, Rivières-des-Prairies-Pointe-aux-Trembles, Saint-Léonard, and Villeray-Saint-Michel-Parc-Extension – in terms of prevention of armed violence. Subjects discussed at the meeting included the place of young people in the borough, issues that have emerged since the pandemic, and possible solutions to issues related to gun violence.
We would like to thank Ms. Riahi for participating in the meeting.
The ICPC is looking to hire a Analyst and Project Officer – Urban Safety. Their tasks will include being responsible for the development, implementation and coordination of various urban safety projects, ensuring the supervision of the project team; taking charge of the design and implementation of consultation and citizen participation projects related to urban safety, and the prevention of violence and crime, contributing to the development of innovative practices in urban safety and multi-actor participation and co-construction processes, participating proactively in the development of the organisation, through the development of new partnerships, the drafting of project proposals, through their presence on social media and during events related to their projects and carrying out other related tasks.