ICPC releases the first crime report in the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal

The ICPC has published its first report  on crime in the Agglomeration of Montreal. 

The report provides an overview of the offences that took place in the territory over the last few years, for the nineteen boroughs and fourteen related cities that make up the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal. It allows us, among other things, to know and understand the crime data collected according to the rules of the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR 2.2) of the Quebec Ministry of Public Safety, from 2015 to 2020. 

This report is divided into two sections with six chapters: 

- The first section presents the state of crime in Montreal and specifically addresses the evolving trends in crimes against the person and crimes against property, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the latter, as well as the spatial, geographical and relational dimensions of crime in the territory. 

- The second section focuses on specific issues of concern to policy makers.  

The chapters included in this section integrate an in-depth analysis of the components of offences related to the themes of sexual offences and conjugal and intra-family violence. 

Discover the report here

The report is only available in French.

Publication by an ICPC partner

The UNESCO Chair in Prevention of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism (UNESCO-PREV Chair), Sherbrooke University, partner of the ICPC, published this month an international exploratory study called “Améliorer l’évaluation en prévention de l’extrémisme violent, c’est l’affaire de tous !” (Improving evaluation in violent extremism prevention is everyone’s business!). This study aims to document the experiences, challenges, and learning of researchers and field workers who evaluated radicalization and violent extremism practices and programs in various western countries. It is based on semi-structured interviews of such researchers and field workers done by the ICPC and the UNESCO-PREV Chair in North America and Europe in early 2020.

Read the study (in French): Améliorer l’évaluation en prévention de l’extrémisme violent, c’est l’affaire de tous !

New ICPC publications

The ICPC recently published several reports tackling violence committed and suffered by the youth of Montreal. Specifically, three reports are now available:

1) Problem-Services Arrangement Analysis Report on the Prevention of Violence Committed and Suffered by Young Users of François-Perrault Park in the Saint-Michel Neighbourhood

The Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension borough of Montreal mandated the ICPC to analyze the identified causes and existing protective factors around violence committed and suffered by the young users of the François-Perrault park. The objective of this report is to present and analyze issues relating to this type of violence and how to prevent it.

2) Report on Violence Committed and Suffered by the Youth of Montreal

This ICPC report, mandated by the city of Montreal as part of the Urban Safety Laboratory’s activities, presents an overview of urban safety with respect to violence committed and suffered by youth throughout the island of Montreal.

3) Report on Violence Committed and Suffered by Youth in the Montreal-North Borrough

The Montreal-North borough mandated the ICPC and a team of sociology experts, Mariam Hassaoui from Université TÉLUQ and Victor Armony from UQAM, to do an urban safety audit of violence committed and suffered by youth of 12 to 25 years of age in Montreal-North including a detailed portrait (ADS+ and place-based approach) of the environment (physical, socio-economic, and social-health) in which they evolve, of the crime and violence committed and suffered by this youth, and of the available resources in the area.

See a full list of the thematic reports published by the ICPC

These reports are only available in French.

The ICPC publishes its 2020 Annual Report

The ICPC published its 2020 Annual Report which is divided into three sections: the ICPC as a knowledge centre, as centre for exchange and expertise, and as a centre for cooperation.

First, the report presents the ICPC’s publications in 2020, including two thematic reports, one on victims of sex trafficking in the Americas and the other on hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The Annual Report then details the events that were organized by the ICPC and its partners, as well as the ICPC’s participation in outside events and in activities organized by the organization’s members and partners. Last, the report’s final section presents the ICPC’s technical assistance projects and support to stakeholders, and introduces for the first time, the Urban Safety Laboratory (USLab) and its many projects. The report concludes with an update on the organization’s governance.

Download the report

Making Southern Africa Safe: Promoting Crime and Violence Prevention in the Southern African Region

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) recently developed and approved the Guidelines on Crime and Violence Prevention (‘the Guidelines’). The Guidelines acknowledge that building a region that is safe for all is not the sole responsibility of the police, security agencies, and the criminal justice system. The state and non-state actors within and outside the security sector have a vital role to play. Building upon Aspiration 4 of Agenda 2063 among other sources, the Guidelines recognise the importance of a developmental response in building a safe region and of a partnership between the state and the people at a local level in understanding and addressing the factors that increase the risks which contribute to crime and violence, while, at the same time, developing and supporting those factors that make communities more resilient.

This paper, written in collaboration with the ICPC, provides an overview of the Guidelines. It begins with a discussion on crime prevention and its development within the discourse on safety, law enforcement, and criminal justice. Thereafter, the paper describes the development of the Guidelines and the importance the aforementioned recognition has in the evolution of the SADC, including the promise it holds for sustainable development.

Download the report

Victims of Sex Trafficking in the Americas: Overview of Public Strategies and Future Directions, 2000-2019

It is with honor and enthusiasm that we present this thematic report on victims of sex trafficking in America. This publication aims to provide an overview of public strategies and to establish certain recommendations in light of research and proven findings.

The period 2000-2019 has been a crucial period in the fight against trafficking for sexual exploitation. Indeed, it saw the emergence of a series of legislative and organizational measures specific to this crime. From the Palermo Protocol, the first international legal foundation signed in 2000, to the various national strategies adopted subsequently, this thematic report allows us to understand how the issue of trafficking has been addressed by seven countries in the Americas, including Canada. Nearly 20 years later, time has come to realize that efforts still need to be made to contain this global phenomenon.

The originality of this report is based on the inclusion of a new criterion from the national anti-trafficking strategy: empowerment. This criterion places the victim at the center of our concerns. To be able to accompany him/her in the judicial process, to ensure his/her safety and well-being, whether the victim is a citizen or a migrant, is essential.

Download the report available in French

Redefine, Reinvent, Redirect. Looking at contemporary police challenges in the light of today’s social movement.

Police reforms arise in different contexts. They might be triggered by increasing levels of crime and violence. Sometimes, they can stem from a wider reforming project, such as attempts to modernize the State, or efforts to democratize the security sector in post-conflict and transitional societies. In other cases, they are related to particular events, to research results or to investigations – by the media, the judiciary, parliament, or the police itself – that highlight problematic aspects of the police and of policing that need to be dealt with.

The recent killing of George Floyd by a US police officer in Minneapolis and a series of high-profile cases involving the use of disproportionate and even lethal force by police against racialized minorities are once again putting law-enforcement institutions under the spotlight. That is why calls to reform the police are rising again, not only in the United States, but elsewhere too: in Canada, in Quebec, in Australia, in New Zealand, in South Africa, in Kenya, in St. Petersburg, in Barbados, in France, and in the United Kingdom. This time, these demands are rallying behind a new slogan: “Defund the police”. What does it mean? Where does it come from? What is new about this idea? What does it entail? How is it different from previous calls to reform or to abolish the police? In this policy brief, we want to look at some of the main demands of today’s movement and to contribute to the discourse by clarifying concepts and ideas that can sometimes be confusing.

Download the policy brief.

Report on hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation

Hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation are on the rise. Attacks such as the one in Orlando on June 12, 2016, against the LGBTQ community, which resulted in the death of 49 people (US), and the one in Toronto on April 23, 2018, against women are both examples of this phenomenon. Hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation do not solely impact the individual victim; their consequences are profound for the entire targeted group or community. Furthermore, hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation represent a direct affront to the democratic principles of tolerance and respect for the identity and opinions of others. As such, this study aims to understand this phenomenon, its manifestations and roots. It also identifies promising practices and strategies used by states and cities to prevent hate crimes. The Study is due to be published in the spring of 2019.

Download executive summary (PDF)

Report on The Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence: An international Study of Front-Line Workers and Intervention Issues

The objective of this study, funded by Public Safety Canada, is to identify the main challenges faced by frontline workers in preventing radicalization in order to gather specific and practical information regarding the implementation of programmes and initiatives, especially the ones linked to challenges, difficulties, as well as intervention management approaches.

To do so, the study was carried out in two phases. During the first one, exploratory interviews were held with 27 experts and specialists from 14 countries. Through this phase, we were able to obtain recommendations in selecting which frontline workers to target as well as countries and cities implementing interesting interventions for the prevention of radicalization. We were also given the contact information of some workers. Subsequently, the second phase of the study consisted in interviewing frontline actors, such as social workers, educators, etc. who are involved in the prevention of radicalization. A total of 63 workers from 23 countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania were interviewed.

The Report for this study thus presents the main intervention dimensions in preventing radicalization as well as challenges faced by frontline workers, while also sharing their recommendations when it comes to intervening to prevent radicalization.

Download the Report (PDF)