On 25 and 26 March 2019, the ICPC was invited to share its projects and experiences during the annual OSCE-wide Counter-Terrorism Conference in Bratislava. The main purpose of this international meeting was to take stock of efforts to prevent and combat terrorism as well as violent extremism and radicalization leading to terrorism in the OSCE area.
During this conference, major aspects were discussed, such as :
- Programmes and approaches that help identify, divert and support individuals at risk of radicalization to terrorist violence such as referral mechanisms and pre-criminal interventions
- Prison-based and non-custodial programmes to rehabilitate and reintegrate terrorist offenders while ensuring due prosecution of their criminal actions
- Advances in international co-operation in countering terrorism and the implementation of good practices in preventing VERLT in the OSCE area
As part of the week dedicated to the prevention of radicalization leading to violence, organized by the Department of Public Safety Canada, the ICPC participated, from March 21 to 23, 2019, in workshops and working meetings of the Canadian Practitioners' Network for the Prevention of Radicalization and Violent Extremism. The purpose of these workshops is to develop evidence-based guidelines to promote effective intervention in the field.
In order to enrich an international preliminary study on the evaluation of programs to prevent violent radicalization, the ICPC took the opportunity to organize, in parallel with the seminar, a discussion group to gather the views of actors in the field on programs' evaluation.
The ICPC is now actively involved in sharing experiences and good practices as well as international cooperation on radicalization and violent extremism.
It is with great interest that the ICPC participated at the Southern African Development Community (SADC) workshop to develop a set of tools to facilitate the implementation of their Guidelines on Crime and Violence prevention, held in Johannesburg on the 26 and 27 of November 2018. The guidelines themselves mark a bold recognition, by the Members States of the SADC, that crime and violence prevention is a transversal issue requiring the commitment of multiple stakeholders.
In this regard, ICPC is proud to have contributed to the development of these guidelines and to the creation of tools that will facilitate their implementation and would like to congratulate the SADC, the Southern Africa Regional Police Chief’s Cooperation Organisation (SARPCOO) and the African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (APCOF) for their leadership in the field of crime and violence prevention in the region.
From October 21 to 26, 2018, ICPC participated in the 20th Annual Conference of the International Corrections and Prisons Association (ICPA) which took place in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. This Conference also marked ICPA 20th Anniversary. The event was hosted by Correctional Service Canada. Under the theme “Beyond Prisons: The Way Forward”, various actors in the prisons and correctional field gathered to cover a wide variety of topics addressing challenges and highlighting best practices. There were over 150 speakers and more than 500 participants.
ICPC took part in the Conference as a speaker to report on the Action-Research carried out in three French cities (Lyon, Grenoble, and Nice) to develop and implement an Intervention and Prevention Response to Radicalization leading to Violence within the French Probation System. The presentation focused on presenting a set of actions and initiatives implemented at the institutional level to counter radicalization leading to violence.
On July 4 and 5, ICPC was invited to make a presentation in a National Conference on the theme “Protecting Youth against Delinquency and Crime” in Tunis, Tunisia. The Conference was held by the Tunisian Presidency and the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces – DCAF in front of 80 high-ranking Political and Public Administration Executives from Tunisia and aimed to promote international good practices in terms of youth crime prevention (15-29). ICPC presented its latest international comparative study on National Prevention Strategies for Youth Violence and its Report on Front-Line Workers and Intervention Issues in the Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence.
Photo Credits : Zied Ben Chaabane.
From June 4 to 8, 2018, Pablo Madriaza, ICPC’s Director of Research and Programmes, Ariane de Palacio, Senior Analyst, and Paul Girard, Board Member, made a visit to Chile, invited by Carabineros de Chile, in order to carry out a series of presentations regarding the modernization of the police and standards in terms of crime observation. The first presentation was held before Officers of the Criminal Analysis Department of the Chilean police, the second was made before Officers of the Police Science Academy and the third one was held in the Carabineros School of Police in front of Officers from various countries in Latin America. This visit was allowed the ICPC to get to know more about the new criminal analysis system implemented in most of the country's police stations, which seeks to change the crime prevention model of the national police. It was also an opportunity to strengthen links between the ICPC and Carabineros, which is a member of our organization.
From May 14 to 18, 2018, ICPC participated in the 27th Session of the UNODC’s Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) in Vienna, Austria.
The thematic discussion of this year was on the subject of Criminal justice responses to prevent and counter cybercrime in all its forms, including through the strengthening of cooperation at the national and international levels.
ICPC contributed in the debate during the PNI Workshop on Cybercrime by providing information from our 6th International report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety on the prevention of Cybercrime. The Report will be available in the Fall of 2018.
On May 10 and 11, 2018 was held in Roma, Italy, the OSCE-wide Counter-Terrorism Conference on the Reverse Flow of Foreign Terrorists Fighters (FTFs): Challenges for the OSCE Area and Beyond.
The following topics were discussed during the conference:
- Trends and Dynamics of Returning or Relocating FTFs: Exchange of Views on National Experiences and International Co-operation
- Managing the Return/Relocation of FTFs: strengthening Border Security and Information Sharing.
- Addressing the Potential Threat of Returning and Relocating FTFs and their Affiliates: Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programs Within and Outside the Criminal Justice System.
- Addressing Accompanying Family Members of FTFs: Legal Gaps, Juvenile Justice, Engaging with Civil society.
Various representatives from several international organizations including the International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) were invited to share their experience and ideas on the subject.
The ICPC was invited to participate in the expert meeting days on the prevention of violent radicalization hosted in Montreal, by the Canadian Practitioner Network for the Prevention of Radicalization and Extremist Violence (CPN-PREV). Held in the framework of the Building Connections: Preventing Violent Extremism Conference in Canada from March 19 to 23, 2018, the event was co-hosted by the Child Soldiers Initiative, the Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence, the Canadian Practitioner Network on Prevention of Radicalization and Extremist Violence, UQÀM and the Concordia University’s Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies. During these meeting days, Experts from all around the world joined their expertise in order to reflect on training programs as well as constitute a guidelines group who will generate evidence based recommendations on best practice in assessment and intervention in matters of radicalization and violent extremism prevention.
From March 5 to 9, 2018, the Director, Research and Programmes, of the ICPC, Pablo Madriaza, was invited in Spain by the Basque Police Force (Ertzaintza) to present at the 1st International Seminar on Criminal Analysis for the Prevention of Crime. In the context of this Seminar, Mr. Madriaza made a presentation on the factors explaining the extremist radicalization process leading to violence, as well as some of the latest results obtained by the ICPC in this field.
This Seminar in Amorebieta (Bizkaia) also brought together an important range of international experts in matters related to criminal investigation.
ICPC was invited by the Office of Crime Reduction & Gang Outreach of British-Columbia (BC), in February 2018, to present at the Crime Reduction Research Symposium. The Centre took the opportunity to speak about the importance of community crime prevention and the need for an integrated approach to the prevention of crime. Like any other social issue, security and safety both require a strategic approach that looks at providing relevant, sustainable and effective responses. To this end, ICPC and the Réseau d’échanges et de soutien aux actions locales (RÉSAL – Network for exchange and support to local actions) have developed a community-based approach that aims at articulating local concerns and expertise surrounding specific issues, to ensure local ownership and effectiveness of futures crime prevention initiatives or strategies. The BC Crime Reduction Research Symposium has also been a great opportunity to meet with crime and law enforcement experts from other Canadian provinces and to discuss a wide range of issues going from opioid responses, guns and gangs strategies and policing priorities. ICPC is confident that the discussion evolving from that Symposium will help to shape future partnerships and foster a greater interprovincial dialogue surrounding the issues of gang outreach and community crime prevention.
Although violent radicalization can be considered to be an international phenomenon, local factors have been noticed to play an increasing role in its incidence along with its prevention. Many organizations working at the local community level have expressed their feeling of powerlessness due to the lack of tools and skills to confront this dilemma, notably in a context of primary and secondary prevention.
In order to address this issue, the ICPC, collaborating alongside CAPRI (Centre for Action and Prevention of Individuals Radicalization), have developed a France-Quebec cooperation project for the prevention of radicalization leading to violence. This project aims to develop partnerships between French and Quebec associations in order to develop a common framework guiding local organizations potentially interested in working in preventing violent radicalization. This framework would ultimately help shape and create interventions at a local community level.
Hence, a Quebec delegation composed of Mohamed Loutfi, Social Worker for the Centre Laurentien d’aide à la famille, Marie-Hèlène Rivest, Social Worker for Équipe Clinique polarisation du CIUSS and Cateline Autixier, Analyst for the ICPC, went on a mission in France, Paris and Bordeaux, from January 13th to January 20th 2018. The target of that mission was to facilitate the experiences exchange, to introduce their respective local reality and to present the work done in a context of local community in regards to radicalization, especially with youth. Thus, this Quebec delegation met with various French organizations and associations working in the prevention of radicalization leading to violence as well as numerous French institutions’ Officials. Along with these visits were organized debate sessions and workshops allowing for an enrichment of the knowledge on the prevention of radicalization leading to violence in theory, conception and intervention. These initiatives and practices exchange allowed to enrich the intervention repertoire for the different stakeholders.
Overall, this mission has marked the end of the first year of the France-Quebec cooperation project on the prevention of radicalization leading to violence, which will proceed in 2018 along with new workshops, conferences, exchange as well as an anticipated visit from a the French delegation in Montreal.
From December 5 to 8, 2017, ICPC was invited to participate in the 2017 Korean Institute of Criminology’s International Forum, in Seoul, South Korea. Ariane de Palacio, Senior Analyst, presented various tools ICPC had worked on to support evidence-based crime prevention policy and decision making, especially at the municipal and local scales. ICPC and KIC are thinking of a close collaboration to be developed in the next months.
In parallel to this Forum was also held the Autumn 2017 UNODC Programme Institutes Network (PNI) Coordination Meeting, during which ICPC was selected to be the leading agency to develop and organize PNI Workshop 1, on Evidence-Based Crime Prevention during the 2020 UN Crime Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice by UNODC.
Pablo Madriaza, Director, Research and Programmes, at ICPC was invited by the “Asegurando la Educación” (Secure Education) programme, funded by USAID, in order to assist them technically in their strategic planning and attend a colloquium gathering government officials from Honduras, where he presented the characteristics of efficient violence prevention programmes in schools. “Asegurando la Educación” aims to prevent violence in more than 70 schools across the country.
In the framework of the 38th Congress of the Quebec Criminology Society - Intervention in a context of vulnerability: better action through better understanding, whick took place from November 8 to 10, 2017 at the Manoir Saint-Sauveur, Pablo Madriaza, Director, Research and Programmes, at ICPC was invited as speaker during workshop 13 on ”Preventing Radicalization leading to Violence”. He presented the characteristics and challenges related to the research-action currently carried out within the French probation system by ICPC in collaboration with the French Prison Administration for their project: ”Intervention and prevention response to violent radicalization within the probation system“.
From November 1 to 3, 2017, the ICPC had the opportunity to take part in the 2nd African Forum for Urban Safety (AFUS) as a speaker. The 2nd Forum was organized in association with UN-Habitat’s Safer Cities Programme and aimed to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and practices to address multiple urban safety challenges raised by urbanization in Africa. Held in Durban, South Africa, the Forum gathered national and international experts in urban safety, criminal justice and crime prevention. During the Forum, the ICPC was able to present the first version of the Crime Observatory Evaluation Framework, currently being developed in association with the Observatoire national de la délinquance et des réponses pénales (ONDRP-France) and the Organization of American States (OAS). This framework has the objective of establishing internationally recognized quality standards for the conceptualization, implementation, operationalization and evaluation of crime observatories. In the case of African cities, this tool will not only be used to ensure the reliability of observatories when it comes to safety, but also to improve how municipal strategies should be informed.
From October 22 to 27, 2017, ICPC participated in the 19th International Corrections and Prisons Association Annual Conference (ICPA) which took place in London, United Kingdom. The event was hosted by Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service. Under the theme “Innovation in Rehabilitation: Building Better Futures”, Academics, Directors of administrations, high-ranking Officials, Project Officers and Practitioners were gathered to discuss dignity, human rights in prison and programmes against violence in general.
More than 540 participants were registered and many sessions were organized, dealing with various topics and experimentations. Among them, the architecture and design of facilities, offender-centred programmes and services, rehabilitation and education, strategic reforms, etc.
ICPC took part in the Conference as a presenter during a workshop called "Radicalisation". The presentation focused on the research-action currently being carried out in France which aims to develop a prevention and intervention response to radicalization leading to violence within the probation system.
The 3rd World Congress on Probation was held in Tokyo, Japan, from September 12 to 14, 2017. The Congress mainly focused on the development of probation and the role of the community, with the aim of highlighting how important active community participation is to prevent recidivism and promote the reintegration of individuals. The event was hosted by several organizations: the Rehabilitation Office, the Ministry of Justice of Japan; the United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI); the Japan Rehabilitation Aid Association; the National Federation of Volunteers Probation Officers; the National Association of Offenders Rehabilitation Services; the Japanese Association for the Rehabilitation of Offenders.
ICPC took part in the Congress as a presenter during a workshop called "Evidence-Based Theories and Practices involving Offenders with Special Needs". The presentation focused on the research-action currently being carried out in France which aims to develop a prevention and intervention response to radicalization leading to violence within the probation system.
As part of the ENACT project (Enhancing Africa’s response to transnational organised crime) funded by the European Union, ICPC was requested to support the creation and implementation of a network of five Regional Organised Crime Observatories (ROCO), located across Africa.
In order to launch the project, ICPC participated from July 3 to 6 2017 at the ROCOs inaugural workshop in Cape Town, South Africa. During this expert meeting, international experts on transnational organised crime gathered to reflect on the different approaches, opportunities and challenges that these observatories will encounter during their mandate. ICPC, which acted as an expert on observatories, intervened on several occasions including organizing and moderating a session on the challenges of data collection. During these interventions, Ariane de Palacio and Pier Alexandre Lemaire, the analysts engaged in this project, stressed the importance of ROCOs in producing and disseminating quality information in a transparent and independent manner while ensuring the inclusion of all relevant actors and contributing to the reinforcement of local capacities, data production processes, public policy frameworks and public debate on transnational organised crime.
This inaugural workshop is the starting point of a nearly three year project. ICPC is proud to have been a part of it and share its expertise. This meeting was also an opportunity for ICPC to explore and discuss future collaboration.
From July 3 to 7, 2017, ICPC’s Director, Research and Programmes, went to a mission in France in the framework of the project “Intervention and prevention response to violent radicalization within the probation system”, in collaboration with the Department of Penitentiary Administration (DAP) of France. During this mission, ICPC’s Director and Fanny Valendru, Analyst, participated in the meetings held by the pilot research cells of the Penitentiary Services for Integration and Probation (SPIP) in Lyon and Grenoble. In Lyon, discussions were held on the individual intervention model suggested by ICPC for those convicted on terrorism-related charges, which is soon to be implemented in this SPIP. In Grenoble, the first cycle of the group intervention was evaluated based on a primary prevention model. At the end of the week, Director and Analyst participated in the national evaluation committee of the project gathering members of national and interregional directorates as well as directors and members of each pilot implementation site, where the progression of the project was also presented. This included: a semi-structured interview guide for identification, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention responses elaborated by ICPC and members of each pilot research cells as well as modifications made to the impact assessment model.
During the month of December 2016, ICPC’s Director, Research and Programmes, Pablo Madriaza undertook a mission in Chile, invited by the Master programme “Magíster en Prevención, Seguridad Urbana y política criminal” of the University Alberto Hurtado, in order to give a lecture on violent radicalization in the West. During this mission, he was also invited by the Central University to lecture on the evolution of violence in schools for the Master programme “Magíster en Psicología Educacional y Gestión de la Convivencia Escolar”.
In addition to these teaching activities, Mr. Madriaza visited ICPC’s members as well as key partners in Chile. He visited the Criminal Analysis Department and the Community Policing programme (MICC) of the National Police of Chile (“Carabineros”). ICPC made suggestions concerning criminal analysis methodologies and perfected the details of the “Carabineros” seminar that will be held in October 2017, co-organized with ICPC. Mr. Madriaza also visited the Sub-secretariat for the Prevention of Crime of the Government of Chile and met the Director of the Department of Studies to establish avenues for future collaboration. He also met with officials from the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and researchers from the Citizen Security Program from the University Alberto Hurtado of Chile.
In the framework of this second mission, ICPC held two training sessions on the prevention of radicalization leading to violence for the staff of the Penitentiary Services for Integration and Probation (SPIP) of Lyon and Grenoble between September 19 and 21 in Lyon and for the SPIP of Nice on September 22 and 23 in Mougins and Nice. During these meetings, ICPC held three workshops with each SPIP in order to disclose the preliminary results of the diagnostic stage and to agree with the staff on the first lines of action for the intervention response.
From September 12 to 15, ICPC was invited to participate in a Thematic School on Radicalization organized in Paris by the CNRS and Sciences Po Paris.
This Thematic School responds to a growing social and scientific need for training related to radicalization issues, especially after the Paris attacks in January 2015. Far from considering radicalization as a unique or specific phenomenon in our time, the School therefore sought to compare the different ways of understanding these phenomenon, emphasizing a critical distance and the research methods used to understand it.
ICPC made two presentations during this Thematic School. In the framework of the round table on “Radicalization: definition and approaches”, ICPC’s Senior Analyst, Pablo Madriaza, presented a communication titled “Radicalization factors in the light of prevention programs”, this reflection is from the systematic review ICPC recently conducted. On the second day, Pablo Madriaza also made another presentation during workshop 1 on the “”Invisible” forms of radicality” presenting measures implemented at the municipal level.
From July 6 to 8 2016, UN-Habitat held the Habitat III Cross-Cutting Expert Group Meeting on Safer Cities in the New Urban Agenda in Geneva, Switzerland.
ICPC presented the content of its upcoming 5th International Report focusing on the prevention of crime in cities. The presentation was well received. ICPC also met members of its network, including Small Arms Survey and EFUS, as well as other participants with whom possibilities of future collaborations and projects were discussed.
On March 21 and 22 2016, ICPC attended the Kanishka Symposium in Ottawa to present its report on Preventing Radicalization: A Systematic Review.
The Kanishka Symposium brought together a range of experts and practitioners in the prevention of radicalisation leading to violence to help identify promising approaches that ‘go beyond the checklist’ and inform various applied research initiatives intended to better understand and address violent extremism.
The Société de criminologie du Québec (Quebec Criminology Society) held its 37th biennial convention from October 28 to 30, 2015 in Quebec (Canada) on the theme For an enlightened justice and successful social inclusion. Education and Criminology: the levers for action. A working session entitled International panorama on crime prevention and recidivism was on the congress agenda. ICPC presented the 4th International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety and the technical assistance project that ICPC provided for OBSICA
On May 20 and 21 2015, the Intersection network, whose mission is to develop, implement and promote a Quebec police model based on the community approach by mobilizing stakeholders with the common goal of preventing crime and promoting safe living environments in Quebec, held its 22nd annual seminar on the theme of radicalization: the challenge of reconciliation and mobilization. More than 250 participants, the majority of whom were police officers, participated in the seminar. Serges Bruneau and Pablo Madriaza were there to represent ICPC.
On December 9 and 10, 2014, the State Coordination Council of the National System of Public Security of the State of Puebla organized an International Congress on Crime Prevention in Puebla, Mexico. ICPC gave two presentations at this conference, one entitled “Crime Prevention and Community Safety: trends and perspectives” as seen in the 4th International Report, another on the “Towards the elimination of intimate partner violence against women” report , presenting the ICPC study for the Government of Norway on intimate partner violence against women, and on the Support Project for Security Sector Reform in Tunisia.