Report on National Prevention Strategies for Youth Violence: An International Comparative Study

This international comparative study, funded by the Ministry of Public Safety of Canada, maps and analyzes different national strategies for youth violence prevention in six countries, including South Africa, Canada, Colombia, the United States, France and Norway. These countries have been selected on the basis of their income considering in particular that this may reveal important differences when it comes to connecting all the actors involved. Thus, four countries with high-income were selected compared to two countries with middle income.

This report is divided into four parts. The first part has three objectives: a) conduct a literature review on youth and violence; b) describe the comparison means and; c) describe the methodology used. The second part concerns the monographic description of each country's violence prevention strategy. The third part deals with the comparison of these strategies in the light of the notions of interface and comparison means. Finally, in the fourth part, conclusions of the study are presented as well as the recommendations.

The objective of this study is therefore to identify how coordination, the qualitative dimensions of such coordination (collaboration, leadership and participation) and information management are ensured in the implementation of prevention policies.

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Comparative study of crime prevention programs: “Successful experiences in the prevention of crime in Latin America”

In 2015, the ICPC produced a comparative study for the Chamber of Commerce of Bogota on the prevention of crime in Latin America.

This study consists of a review and an analysis of effective crime prevention practices in the region. It focuses on the institutional contexts of security policies in the eight countries surveyed and analyzes the regional coordination of these policies in ten selected cities.

The final report is only available in Spanish.

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Report on safety in ground public transport (2013-2015)

Safety in ground public transport is an important issue in a world where this type of transport is gaining in popularity and consequently is seeing its traffic growing steadily. Public transport is also a place where crime is rampant and can be a source of insecurity for users. In 2013 the ICPC, in collaboration with partners such as Transdev Canada Inc, the Agence métropolitaine de transport (Metropolitan Transportation Agency – Montreal), and the Observatoire national de la délinquance dans les transports (National Delinquency in Transports Observatory – France), began a study on the issue of security in terrestrial public transport.

The preliminary results of the study were presented at the ICPC’s 11th International Colloquium in Palermo, Italy, and a detailed report was released in 2015 and was presented at the 5th International Conference on Crime Observation and Criminal Analysis in Mexico. The report presents how to conduct a safety audit in ground public transport, the observation of this crime, and finally, the effective and innovative prevention measures that are implemented worldwide. Final report available in French only. Download the Report (PDF)

Study on “Preventing Radicalization: A Systematic Review”

The objectives of this study are firstly to promote a preventive approach in intervention strategies and projects when it comes to radicalisation leading to violence, and then to gather information concerning conceptualization, trends and research, as well as prevention tools (legislative and practical), especially those linked to the social prevention of this issue.

This study involves a review and analysis of both scientific and grey literatures, national and international norms and legislations, and promising programmes or practices on the subject on a global scale.

In order to accomplish this goal, we conducted two systematic reviews of the literature on radicalisation leading to violence, focusing on a diversity of keywords.

  • The first review focused on literature linked to contextualisation of the phenomenon exclusively in western countries, mainly trends, radicalisation and recruitment contexts, factors determining this process, as well as explanatory models and radicalisation trajectories.

  • The second review focused on prevention strategies, programmes and projects on radicalisation leading to violence. In this case, due to the limited number of studies on this specific subject, we considered studies without geographical limitations.

For this research, we examined 483 documents.

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Report on the prevention of drug-related crime

ICPC wrote a report for the Government of Canada on the prevention of drug-related crime. More precisely, the study focus on the legislative frameworks and programmes to prevent violent behavior associated with the acquisition and use of drugs.

A comparative analysis was performed between seven national drug strategies (Canada, Australia, the United States, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Switzerland), the objective being to identify measures that reduce drug-related crime and that can be potentially adaptable in Canada.

[VIDEO] A glimpse of the report

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Press release

Safety in public institutions

Safety in public institutions such as schools, hospitals and the Municipal Offices has become a source of concern in the international arena and a central issue with regard to the safety of citizens. It is in this context that ICPC, with the financial support and contribution to the content from the Quebec Ministry of Public Safety, conducted a study on safety in public institutions.

Study is only available in French.

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Press coverage available in French

Report: Human trafficking, other forms of exploitation and prevention policies

This report was jointly financed by the International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) and the Government of Canada’s National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC). the report explores strategies and initiatives related to the prevention of human trafficking that have been implemented in various developed countries. It covers the following themes: strategies aimed at combating human trafficking; enumeration; dissemination and coordination between the various levels to prevent and combat human trafficking; data collection systems; position in relation to application and evaluation.

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Study on domestic violence – Government of Norway (2013-2015)

Since May 2013, ICPC has been conducting a research study commissioned by the  Government of Norway to identify strategies and practices implemented around the world which aim to tackle and prevent domestic violence. The report include an overview of the legislative measures and action plans as well as the evaluated programmes developed in different countries, and offer recommendations based on good practices for the prevention of domestic violence.

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Aboriginal Justice Research Project

The Aboriginal Justice Research Project was produced under the supervision of the Native Women’s Shelter of Montreal and the ICPC.

ICPC is a member of the Justice sub-Committee of the Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network (NETWORK), which offers a space for groups working on Aboriginal issues in Montreal to gather, exchange and collaborate on various initiatives. The sub-Committee works on Aboriginal safety issues and is closely examining the elevated exposure of Aboriginal people to the criminal justice system. In February 2012, the sub-Committee was granted funding by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) to engage in a research project - Aboriginal Justice Research Project. The project was led by ICPC and assessed the need to expand Aboriginal-specific programming (before, during and after custody) for Aboriginal people coming into contact with the criminal justice system in Montreal. The research involved a combination of 63 semi-structured interviews and unstructured in-depth interviews, which were conducted in English and French, in person, over the phone or via email and were carried out in March and April 2012. The main report provides a description of the research, the results and the recommendations.

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Comparative report on types of intervention used for youth at risk of joining a street gang

Practices from Belgium, Canada and France

This comparative analysis report explores different modes of intervention aimed at identifying at-risk youth and promoting dialogue and gang disaffiliation in Canada, Belgium and France.

The report contains three chapters, each on a specific country and 11 initiatives (3 Belgian, 4 French and 4 Canadian) are examined.

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