Crime Observatories : Review of international experiences

Comparative analysis report

This first review of experiences of crime observatories designed to gather information available in the organization around key issues. It was conducted in support of the 1st international meeting on the observatories of crime, organized jointly by the ICPC, the National Crime Observatory (INHES) and the Inter-ministerial Delegation to the City of France, with the support of Embassy of Canada in France and Embassy of France in Canada and the General Consulate of France in Quebec and the Quebec Delegation in Paris. The term "observatory" is used in a broad sense which includes organizations that identify, analyze and publish data on crime. These organizations can be local, regional or provincial, national or supranational and cover all of the crime or one or more subject areas.

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Police and Crime Prevention in Africa

A brief appraisal of structures, policies and practices

This present study examines the situation in a dozen countries from the different regions of sub-Saharan Africa and : 1. describes the main characteristics of the general organization of the police in the country at the different territorial levels ; 2. describes the objectives and missions assigned to the different police organizations in the country, emphasizing those with links to the crime prevention ; 3. specifies the relations and interactions between the inhabitants and the municipal police and their respective role in the determination and implementation of the prevention actions ; 4. outlines the contemporary problems faced by the police services and what they are likely to face in future ; 5. identifies and specify the stakes related to the actions of these different services in prevention.

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Assessing CCTV as an effective safety and management tool for crime-solving, prevention

Comparative analysis report

The implementation and use of video surveillance (Closed Circuit Television technology) in societies across the globe has stimulated major debate on a handful of topics. This report aims to surface and synthesize those issues through an investigative and comparative analysis. The report will provide the reader with a variety of discussions, based on an objective analysis of available publications throughout the world. It addresses the history of CCTV and the main debates surrounding effectiveness and utility, it further evaluates the concept of the rise of surveillance societies and the protection of individual rights, and promotes further discussion and analysis through policy recommendations.

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The Media, Crime Prevention and Urban Safety

A Brief Discussion on Media Influence

This paper aims to describe the impact of the media on crime prevention by providing an integrative approach for exploring the multiple roles of the media. National and independent studies continue to maintain that the media holds an important position for communication, and information sharing and dissemination in society: “people rely on images of trends and prevalence made available by the experts and official sources” (Sacco 2000, p.208). However, due to the complexity and multi-dimensional framework, which encloses the impact of the media, its interactions and links, these roles remain largely undefined. Therefore, the impact is more complex than a causal link or simply media conforming to dominant news values. In the end, through an inclusive, interactive and democratic relationship with a variety of media sources, there is space for positive results in terms of crime prevention, and thus for preventing media misuse, misconceptions and stigmatization, and for promoting successful strategies and policies.

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Comparative Approaches to Urban Crime Prevention Focusing on Youth

The present paper aims to provide a brief overview of what we have learned recently about youths and their involvement in urban crime, and the experience gained from many countries on crime prevention; it looks at the principles that should guide our relations with young people with a view to preventing urban crime; and provides some examples of effective and promising strategies and practices from around the world.

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Measuring Police Performance

International Experience

This review of experience focusing on methods established in nine cities, provinces or countries as from a questioning which is almost universal: how to measure the activities of police departments to meet the diverse needs of citizens, leaders and police themselves. Among these activities, it appears that the measurement of prevention is more complex to perform. The police are confronted by the difficulty of defining indicators of facts that have not occurred and measurement tools for the prevention of many different classical statistical tools.

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