Hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation are on the rise. Attacks such as the one in Orlando on June 12, 2016, against the LGBTQ community, which resulted in the death of 49 people (US), and the one in Toronto on April 23, 2018, against women are both examples of this phenomenon. Hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation do not solely impact the individual victim; their consequences are profound for the entire targeted group or community. Furthermore, hate crimes based on gender identity and sexual orientation represent a direct affront to the democratic principles of tolerance and respect for the identity and opinions of others. As such, this study aims to understand this phenomenon, its manifestations and roots. It also identifies promising practices and strategies used by states and cities to prevent hate crimes. The Study is due to be published in the spring of 2019.
7th Annual Colloquium of CPIC in Oslo (Norway)
The report was prepared for the 7th Annual Colloquium of CPIC in Oslo, Norway, November 8th and 9th 2007. It examines key developments, issues and practices of the police role in crime prevention
The objective of this study, funded by Public Safety Canada, is to identify the main challenges faced by frontline workers in preventing radicalization in order to gather specific and practical information regarding the implementation of programmes and initiatives, especially the ones linked to challenges, difficulties, as well as intervention management approaches.
To do so, the study was carried out in two phases. During the first one, exploratory interviews were held with 27 experts and specialists from 14 countries. Through this phase, we were able to obtain recommendations in selecting which frontline workers to target as well as countries and cities implementing interesting interventions for the prevention of radicalization. We were also given the contact information of some workers. Subsequently, the second phase of the study consisted in interviewing frontline actors, such as social workers, educators, etc. who are involved in the prevention of radicalization. A total of 63 workers from 23 countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania were interviewed.
The Report for this study thus presents the main intervention dimensions in preventing radicalization as well as challenges faced by frontline workers, while also sharing their recommendations when it comes to intervening to prevent radicalization.
This international comparative study, funded by the Ministry of Public Safety of Canada, maps and analyzes different national strategies for youth violence prevention in six countries, including South Africa, Canada, Colombia, the United States, France and Norway. These countries have been selected on the basis of their income considering in particular that this may reveal important differences when it comes to connecting all the actors involved. Thus, four countries with high-income were selected compared to two countries with middle income.
This report is divided into four parts. The first part has three objectives: a) conduct a literature review on youth and violence; b) describe the comparison means and; c) describe the methodology used. The second part concerns the monographic description of each country's violence prevention strategy. The third part deals with the comparison of these strategies in the light of the notions of interface and comparison means. Finally, in the fourth part, conclusions of the study are presented as well as the recommendations.
The objective of this study is therefore to identify how coordination, the qualitative dimensions of such coordination (collaboration, leadership and participation) and information management are ensured in the implementation of prevention policies.
In 2015, the ICPC produced a comparative study for the Chamber of Commerce of Bogota on the prevention of crime in Latin America.
This study consists of a review and an analysis of effective crime prevention practices in the region. It focuses on the institutional contexts of security policies in the eight countries surveyed and analyzes the regional coordination of these policies in ten selected cities.
The final report is only available in Spanish.
Safety in ground public transport is an important issue in a world where this type of transport is gaining in popularity and consequently is seeing its traffic growing steadily. Public transport is also a place where crime is rampant and can be a source of insecurity for users. In 2013 the ICPC, in collaboration with partners such as Transdev Canada Inc, the Agence métropolitaine de transport (Metropolitan Transportation Agency – Montreal), and the Observatoire national de la délinquance dans les transports (National Delinquency in Transports Observatory – France), began a study on the issue of security in terrestrial public transport.
The preliminary results of the study were presented at the ICPC’s 11th International Colloquium in Palermo, Italy, and a detailed report was released in 2015 and was presented at the 5th International Conference on Crime Observation and Criminal Analysis in Mexico. The report presents how to conduct a safety audit in ground public transport, the observation of this crime, and finally, the effective and innovative prevention measures that are implemented worldwide. Final report available in French only. Download the Report (PDF)
The objectives of this study are firstly to promote a preventive approach in intervention strategies and projects when it comes to radicalisation leading to violence, and then to gather information concerning conceptualization, trends and research, as well as prevention tools (legislative and practical), especially those linked to the social prevention of this issue.
This study involves a review and analysis of both scientific and grey literatures, national and international norms and legislations, and promising programmes or practices on the subject on a global scale.
In order to accomplish this goal, we conducted two systematic reviews of the literature on radicalisation leading to violence, focusing on a diversity of keywords.
The first review focused on literature linked to contextualisation of the phenomenon exclusively in western countries, mainly trends, radicalisation and recruitment contexts, factors determining this process, as well as explanatory models and radicalisation trajectories.
The second review focused on prevention strategies, programmes and projects on radicalisation leading to violence. In this case, due to the limited number of studies on this specific subject, we considered studies without geographical limitations.
For this research, we examined 483 documents.
ICPC wrote a report for the Government of Canada on the prevention of drug-related crime. More precisely, the study focus on the legislative frameworks and programmes to prevent violent behavior associated with the acquisition and use of drugs.
A comparative analysis was performed between seven national drug strategies (Canada, Australia, the United States, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Switzerland), the objective being to identify measures that reduce drug-related crime and that can be potentially adaptable in Canada.
Safety in public institutions such as schools, hospitals and the Municipal Offices has become a source of concern in the international arena and a central issue with regard to the safety of citizens. It is in this context that ICPC, with the financial support and contribution to the content from the Quebec Ministry of Public Safety, conducted a study on safety in public institutions.
Study is only available in French.
This report was jointly financed by the International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) and the Government of Canada’s National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC). the report explores strategies and initiatives related to the prevention of human trafficking that have been implemented in various developed countries. It covers the following themes: strategies aimed at combating human trafficking; enumeration; dissemination and coordination between the various levels to prevent and combat human trafficking; data collection systems; position in relation to application and evaluation.